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Monday, May 18, 2020 | History

2 edition of effects of prior learning on the formation of stimulus equivalence classes. found in the catalog.

effects of prior learning on the formation of stimulus equivalence classes.

Maeve M. K. Bracken

effects of prior learning on the formation of stimulus equivalence classes.

by Maeve M. K. Bracken

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  • 9 Currently reading

Published by The Author] in [s.l .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (D.Phil.) - University of Ulster, 1996.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17202726M

Jan 01,  · From Sidman's (, a) perspective, equivalence is a basic stimulus function. Like other such functions (e.g., reinforcement and discrimination) it is not derived from other behavioral processes, and thus an explanation for equivalence is to be found in . Functional Audience Classes and Stimulus Equivalence by Tiffany Dubuc B.A.A St. Lawrence College, Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Applied Behavior Analysis in the Bouve College of Health Sciences Graduate School Author: Tiffany Dubuc.

Three main reasons for the publicity on stimulus equivalence: 1. The findings that show that conditional discrimination procedures generate more relations than those which are established directly. 2. The findings show that stimulus equivalence is connected closely . Most of the nearly indigenous American languages in North America are moribund, including Ojibwe and Dakota. Despite numerous basic studies of stimulus equivalence, only a small handful of applied studies have demonstrated that a stimulus equivalence paradigm can be an effective and efficient means of teaching several concepts including math, spelling, and a second dr-peshev.com by: 7.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a stimulus equivalence instructional package on undergraduates’ performance in conditional discrimination tasks that involved research design names, definitions, notations, and examples. Participants were four undergraduate students whose primary language was Portuguese. The third study similarly investigated the effects of intraverbal naming on the acquisition of baseline matching-to-sample relations and equivalence class formation in adults. Finally, the fourth study examined the effects of training sequence on the formation of stimulus classes established via intraverbal naming in adults.


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Effects of prior learning on the formation of stimulus equivalence classes by Maeve M. K. Bracken Download PDF EPUB FB2

SSD(94)Z 30 Equivalence class formation as a function of the pronounceability of the sample stimulus Stimulus equivalence refers to the relational properties of reflexivity, symmetry, and transitivity among stimuli which are included in a series of related conditional discriminations, following the work of Sidman and Tailby ().Cited by: THE EFFECTS OF SEXUALLY EXPLICIT WORDS ON THE FORMATION OF STIMULUS EQUIVALENCE CLASSES JOSEPH J.

PLAUD Judge Rotenberg Educational Center GEORGE A. GAITHER, MICHAEL FRANKLIN, LOUISE A. WELLER, and JEANNIE BARTH University of North Dakota Stimulus equivalence is a behavioral approach to the.

The merger and development of equivalence classes by unreinforced conditional selection of comparison stimuli. J Exp Anal Behav. Sep; 50 (2)– [PMC free article] Saunders RR, Wachter J, Spradlin JE.

Establishing auditory stimulus control over an eight-member equivalence class via conditional discrimination dr-peshev.com by: Oct 18,  · A Neurocomputational Approach to Trained and Transitive Relations in Equivalence Classes and thus appeals to prior experience with learning stimulus relations.

Learning different stimuli as interchangeable (e.g., bidirectional relations of the kind if A then B, and if B then A) is then generalized to new stimulus sets like those presented Cited by: 2.

Functional equivalence -stimuli serve the same function. if you change the function of one stimulus, the other stimuli within that catagory will change Stimulus equivalence classes comprise of arbitrary stimuli that substitutable for one another within a specified context.

A theoretical and experimental paradigm that allows the examination of the formation of stimulus equivalence classes (SEC), such as establishing relationships between equivalence classes (REC).

A type of stimulus-to-stimulus relation in which the learner, without any prior training or reinforcement for doing so, selects a comparison stimulus that is the same as the sample stimulus (e.g., A=A).

_____ would be demonstrated in the following matching-to-sample procedure: the sample stimulus is a picture of a tree, and the three comparison stimuli are a picture of a mouse, a picture of a. Equivalence-based instruction has only been around for the past 15 years or so, but we’ve been doing research on stimulus equivalence—the basis for equivalence-based instruction—since Sidman discovered it in the s and used it to teach adults with developmental disabilities to read (3), (4).

Results suggests that type R relations need not be trained for the formation of equivalence classes as long as the conditionality is kept in the training.

in stimulus equivalence classes with. May 23,  · Stimulus equivalence is a behavioral approach to the analysis of the “meaning” of stimulus sets. The formation of three-member (A→B→C) stimulus equivalence classes was used to investigate the effects of three different sets of sample and comparison stimuli on emergent dr-peshev.com by: Stimulus generalization and contextual control affect the development of equivalence classes.

Experiment 1 demonstrated primary stimulus generalization from the members of trained equivalence classes. Adults were taught to match six spoken Icelandic nouns Cited by: Equivalence classes. Three or more physically disparate stimuli are equivalent when the presentation of any stimulus from the set evokes selection of any other stimulus in the same set (Fields & Reeve, ; Sidman, ).

The procedural variables that lead to the formation of. Jun 06,  · Preliminary Findings on the Effects of Self-Referring and Evaluative Stimuli on Stimulus Equivalence Class Formation Performance on each task was recorded via response latency and percent correct. Prior to completion of the equivalence tasks, subjects completed 2 self-report measures: the Outcome Ouestionnaire (OQ) and the Rosenberg Cited by: Jun 01,  · Bortoloti et al.

() used half of the relations to test for equivalence class formation before the test for the N, and Haimson et al.

() tested one group where half of the relations were tested for equivalence class formation prior to the testing for the N and one group with no testing for equivalence class formation. stimulus in a set of other meaningless class enhances the formation of equivalence classes.

However, its inclusion alone is shown to be insufficient to generate the class enhancement and that, the order of introduction in the serial training of the baseline relations for a class, the.

Three mentally retarded humans first acquired a simple discrimination: Simultaneously displayed visual stimuli A1 and A2 functioned as S+ and S- resp Cited by: SELF-REFERRING AND EVALUATIVE STIMULI ON STIMULUS EQUIVALENCE CLASS FORMATION RHONDA M. MERWIN and KELLY G.

WILSON University of Mississippi Thirty-two subjects completed 2 stimulus equivalence tasks using a matching-to-sample paradigm. One task involved direct reinforcement of conditional discriminations designed to produce. using the stimulus equivalence paradigm to teach course material in an undergraduate rehabilitation course brooke d.

walker and ruth anne rehfeldt southern illinois university and chris ninness stephen f. austin state university. Rawls, Medea, A within-subject comparison of stimulus equivalence training structures.

Master of Science (Behavior Analysis), August35 pp., 1 table, 7 figures, references, 14 titles. Training structures have been defined as the order and arrangement of baseline conditional discriminations within stimulus equivalence dr-peshev.com: Medea Rawls.

Psychology Definition of STIMULUS EQUIVALENCE: Is the situation when there are two stimuli which both elicit the same response.

Stimuli meet the mathematical definition of equivalence if they can he sho. origins and their relation to stimulus equivalence. We applaud Ullin Place for bringing symbols into focus within the broader discipline of language origins and suggest that he has raised an interesting set of questions to be discussed in future work.

Key words: symbols, stimulus equivalence, learning.Sep 16,  · REFLEXIVE SYMMETRICAL So, what exactly is Stimulus Equivalence? Most behavior analysts says it is a set of stimuli such as a set of: And.

Mark Sally Tom Mark Sally Tom “ MARK” “ MARK” And TRANSITIVE stimulus relations + Equivalence classes result from stimulus-equivalence training the sort of symbolic matching to sample Al did.The present experiment examined the effects of respondently conditioned emotional functions on on a computer keyboard 20 times prior to the potential administration of a mild electric shock – for a discriminative stimulus (B1) that of pre-experimental history on the formation of stimulus equivalence classes.

For instance, in one study.